Margaret Ada Box (1890-1986), my Great Aunt, daughter of John Box, volunteered as a Civilian Red Cross Nurse in 1918. She has a record at Forces War Records (which needs Full Access Membership to see it), which shows that her Department was “Scot. Women”, her Rank was “N.S.” (whatever that is), her Service Number was “cert no. 17847 passport no. 202114”, her Duty Location was “Salonica“.
If that was all I had to go on, this would be a very short topic, however Great Aunt Margaret wrote a number of letters home, and collected some mementos, which I will scan and post, updating this post as I do so.
The letters to her were sent in envelopes made from newspapers by disabled soldiers.
The Long, Long Trail website has a military overview of the Salonika Campaign – a little known part of the First World War. The Salonika Campaign Society website covers the campaign in more detail, even having a section on Medical Services. The British Army was in Greece as allies of Serbia (which had been invaded by Austria Hungary in 1915 , and as allies of the Greek Provisional Government of National Defence – a breakaway Greek Government, opposed to the neutral position of the Greek King Constantine I.
The Battle of Dobro Pole between 15th and 18th September was a major breakthrough in the Macedonian Front, leading to the Liberation of Serbia by the Allied forces. They pushed up through Serbia, presumably establishing a hospital at Sarajevo, as that is where Margaret Box worked.
Timeline of Margaret Box Journey to the Hospital Unit in Serbia, and return
- 19th November 1890 – Born in Croydon
- 9th September 1918 – confirmation of receipt of her certificate of inoculation, from the Scottish Women’s Hospitals for the Foreign Service.
- 17th September 1918 (aged 27) – Waterloo, Southampton (letter)
- 18th September – she writes from somewhere in France
- Paris,Lyon,Modena,Turin, Genoa, Rome
- Week in Rome, from where she wrote a letter home on 24th September.
- 29th September – to Taranto, from where she writes a letter home on 30th September.
- 3rd October – Troopship to Gulf of Corinth – Iteon (first night in a tent) – Also the Scottish Women’s Hospitals secretary writes to John Box to say that his daughter is (probably) safe.
- 6th October – Train to Bralo – possibly the village or pass of Gravia (Location of the 49th Stationary Hospital) where Margaret started working. There is also a War Grave Cemetery for casualties who did not recover – Margaret writes to her parents from here, and again on the 11th October and again on the 14th October.
- 18th October – Train to Thessaly, Larissa
- 19th October – Salonica
- 20th October – Sends a telegram to say she is safe, and writes to her mother, before travelling Monastir to Prilip – in meat lorries. Stay to help at hospital. (interestingly two other intrepid women, Anne Powell and Flora Sandes, seem to have made similar journeys)
- 25th October – On to join rest by car – Veles, Uskub, Skopije – join unit
- 25th November – Train (cattle trucks) – Veles, Strumitze (bridge destroyed – by lorry to next station), rejoin train to Salonica
- 3rd December – embark SS Danube.
- 10th December – Gallipoli
- 11th December – Taranto
- 13th December – Bay of Vebova, Topli Bay, Cataro Bay
- 16th December – Trip to Castelnova
- 17th December – left SS Danube. Train to Zelinka, Ragusa, Hum, Mostar
- 18th December – To Sarajevo (where Germans were still running the hospital)
- 20th December – The Scottish Women’s Hospitals write to John Robert Box to say she will be returning soon, and that afternoon to say she will not.
- 22nd March 1919 – Left Sarajevo to Ragusa
- 27th March – Boat to Spalato (Split)
- 29th March – arrive Fuime
- 30th March – another boat to Polla, Venice
- 3rd April – Train from Venice to Pisa
- 8th April – Genoa (night in station), Nice, Marseilles
- 9th April – Paris – St James Hotel (diary ends)
- 12th April – Telegram from Folkstone “Home tonight Margaret”